Europe is undergoing fundamental change as barriers and borders are broken down, as new technologies are introduced, and as the European Union expands. Integral to Europe?s position as the major economic force in the world is the quality of the infrastructure, particularly the transport and communication networks. European Transport and Communications Networks brings together contributions from European experts to present a state of the art overview. It begins by tracing the recent evolution of European networks, examining the hierarchies in relation to the different modes of transport, the integration and expansion of transport networks, and the particular problems presented at border areas. This comprehensive presentation of the principal issues is complemented by a survey of the different methods which can be used to analyse transport networks. The third part of the book presents policy responses and issues. Here the important changes taking place in European transport are discussed, including the role of the private sector in funding transport infrastructure, the liberalisation of the bus and shipping markets, the decision process on trans-European links, and the move towards sustainable transport systems. The role of the private sector, deregulation and sustainability are also discussed with respect to the fundamental changes taking place in the European telecommunications sector. Finally, the book focuses on the policy implications of network development and possible future directions in policy so that the aim of European integration can be achieved. This is an essential survey of a complex field that will be a key reference for geographers, economists, political scientists and planners.